According to Summer Learning Association
at Johns Hopkins University, a typical student will lose about one
month of learning over the summer time, with disadvantaged and struggling
students losing even more.
It is known from research and clinical
experience that internationally adopted children tend to regress
during the summer vacation much faster and deeper than their typically
developing peers. Having an uninterrupted school year is crucial
for them in order to avoid spending the fall semester of the next school
year restoring skills learned during the previous semester and losing
valuable educational time.
In the case of international adoptees
of school age, due to their weakened "learning base", possible
learning disability, Cumulative Cognitive Deficit (CCD) or negative
experience with learning, it would take them longer than other students
to regain learning skills and knowledge after summer break.
The existing research in cognitive
psychology and remediation, as well as the best practice in special
education, point to "incessant input" and "regular reviewing"
as two basic conditions for remediation of learners with learning characteristics
typical for internationally adopted post-institutionalized children.
The "Predictive Factor"
(used in some states to award ESY) is a clear-cut matter in cases of
international adoptees: the nature of their educational needs requires
continuous instructional input and repetition to ensure progress with
the educational goals.
It is my appeal to all adoptive
parents to ensure that their children will not regress during the summer
break. Summer school, summer tutoring, specialized summer camps, and
summer remedial programs present a range of possibilities to prevent
B. Gindis Ph.D.
Summer Learning Association
More Than a Hunch: Kids Lose Learning Skills Over
the Summer Months
A personal experience can spark a theory that, in
turn, prompts important research. Thats what happened when Harris
Cooper, then a professor at the University of Missouri-Columbia, served
on the Columbia, Missouri, school board. In the early 90s, the
board was asked to discuss the local implications of a proposed federal
cut in summer programming. Cooper, who suspected that the cutback was
not a good idea, was unwilling to rubber-stamp the summer programming
cut. He launched some research into summer learning, willing to follow
wherever it led, and arrived at the overwhelming conclusion that his
hunch was spot on. Summer learning loss is very real and has important
repercussions in the lives of students, especially those with fewer
Will Your Child Need ESY This Summer?
Extended School Year (ESY) services are designed
to help your child maintain his skills rather than lose ground when
school is not in session. ESY is not designed to teach of new skills
or behaviors. ESY is not summer school, summer remedial programs, or
child care. ESY is not limited to the summer months.